Fly Fishing Tackle

Freshwater fly rods are generally small, lightweight, and flexible. The typical rod for fly fishing in freshwater will be about two or three metres in length and geared toward catching salmon, trout and greyling. Slightly larger rods may be purchased for bagging salmon or seatrout and these will be used with slightly stronger fishing line.

Because much of the manipulation of the line in fly fishing is done manually, fly reels are generally simple, single-action devices. Fly fishermen are usually experts in stripping the line off the reel with their left hand while handling the rod with their right and rarely need the reel to do anything fancier than simply store the extra fishing line for them.

Fly line is a special type of fishing line designed for fly fishing. Its purpose is to be light enough to flit through the air quickly during a cast, yet still heavy enough to provide the weight required for casting long distances and to support the weight of the prey without breaking. Fly lines can be found made from silk fibre or man-made materials. Many fly lines are made with two layers, the outer — a synthetic material that provides buoyancy and slickness — and the inner — a core material that provides flexibility and strength.

Floating fly lines are designed to sit the fly right on the surface of the water in order to provide the illusion of an insect that has freshly fallen into the stream. Sink-tip fly line is designed to sink just under the surface of the water in order to get the fly slightly deeper into the domain of the prey. Sinking fly line is used in deep water and is designed to sink the fly to the bottom of the body of water in order to imitate bottom based food sources. Sinking flies like Czech Nymphs are often used in very cold conditions when the Grayling go deep.

The flies themselves are attached to the line using the terminal tackle. The terminal on the fly fishing tackle consists of a leader that is either tapered or level and a tippet section to connect the leader to the fly. These can either be made of extra fine fly line or, in some cases, stainless steel wire to prevent breaking.